Abortion is something people tend to make quick judgements towards and have a premature stance on the debate. It is a private topic however it is broadcast on the news all the time. The media gives this very serious topic a different persona: manipulating stories for entertainment, not hard facts. Abortion, in medical terms, is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. In this debate, there are two prominent sides: pro-life and pro-choice. Pro-life is a belief against abortions and these people have beliefs that are meant to protect the baby. Pro-choice is the belief that abortion is a woman’s choice and that the mother’s life should also be taken into account. Whatever side you are on in this debate, there are rights that are being violated. In both cases there are extremists, but a recent story is an example of how people can feel about this complicated topic. Robert Lewis Dear is a suspect in a shooting that took place in Colorado Springs late November 2015. Dear A law enforcement official briefed on the investigation told CNN that he expressed anti-abortion and anti-government views,. He, ironically, shot three women and wounded nine more because they were at an abortion clinic, or a “Planned Parenthood clinic.” His beliefs are so strong that he killed the mothers (and the fetuses) to make a statement about pro-life. There are people who feel this strongly about pro-choice as well, but this example is showing just how serious this topic is to some people.
The majority of Americans are pro-choice. Their primary thinking is that the mother should be able to choose whether or not to keep her baby. In a medical emergency, they believe if the mother’s life is in danger, the mother should be able to have an abortion to save one of the two lives (in this case, the mother’s life). However, this idea of pro-choice is violating the right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” Whether or not it is saving the mother’s life, it is intentionally killing the fetus. The fetus is unable to advocate for itself, so it relies on its mother to make a decision to do what is best for both lives. Under these circumstances, it is considered manslaughter by pro-life believers. These conditions of a pro-life believer can be bent if the mother is truly in danger. However there are many cases where the mother just decides she doesn’t want her baby. This is true with many teenage moms and women who are single. Where is the line that makes “manslaughter” an act of mercy to the mother?
Pro-life believers may be the minority, but they are very vocal in America. They believe in the importance of keeping the baby alive inside the mother. They are very much against the idea of abortions and think under no circumstance should abortions be performed. This belief is a violation of the the Fourteenth Amendment. The “Fourteenth Amendment’s concept of personal liberty and restrictions upon state action” includes “a right of personal privacy, or guarantee of certain areas or zones of privacy.” This right of privacy “is broad enough to encompass a woman’s decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy.” The Fourteenth Amendment has five sections, but the first section relates to the topic of abortion. In Section One, it states, “…nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property.” A baby, even in the state of a fetus, is a human and it is under Section One of the Fourteenth Amendment, a default citizen until it is born, therefore its life is protected under the law.
Abortion is an extremely controversial topic. Would choosing strictly pro-life or pro-choice for a law be a solution to this problem? Absolutely not. Choosing pro-choice would promote unnecessary abortions and would lead to many babies never being born because of the lack of responsibility of the mother. On the other hand, choosing the beliefs of just pro-life would lead to women performing unsafe abortions on themselves. The act of performing unsafe abortions remain close to 13% of all maternal deaths. For example, women who are so desperate for an abortion do things such as inserting knitting needles or coat hangers into the vagina and uterus, douching with dangerous solutions such as lye, or swallowing strong drugs or chemicals. Compromise would have to play a big part in the accommodation of both parties involved. There should be a law created, not strictly banning or legalizing abortions but having guidelines that must be met in order for abortion to be a legal procedure on a patient. If the mother of the baby is experiencing medical issues that could jeopardize her fertility, health, or death a legal abortion should be performed. This would alleviate the argument of taking an innocent baby’s life if it is harming or killing the mother. This includes the medical diagnosis of depression and suicidal thoughts. In Ireland there was a woman who was refused an abortion despite asserting that she was suicidal and protesting with a hunger strike. She had been evaluated by two psychiatrists both of which diagnosed her as suicidal. She was still denied the right to an abortion. This case highlights that although a mother might be physically healthy to carry a baby, mentally and emotionally she might not be fit. Medical professionals need to take that into account. The age of the mother would play a factor in the decision for an abortion. Having a mother under 13-years old would be an unrealistic burden for the family. Nearly four in ten teenage girls whose first intercourse experience happened at 13 or 14 report that the sex was unwanted or involuntary. That is about about 820,000 teens a year that become pregnant, and within that, 80% are unintended pregnancies. The mother of a baby being that young would not be able to take care of a baby on her own. Not to mention most of these cases involving young children are usually the result of incest. There was a case in Paraguay recently where an 11-year old girl was denied an abortion. The girl allegedly was raped and impregnated by her stepfather when she was 10. This leads into the third argument of how abortion should be handled. The victims of rape or incest would be eligible for an abortion. These mothers were forced into a position against their will. The responsibility of a child should not be another consequence for being at the wrong place at the wrong time.
As previously stated, abortion is a controversial topic and no matter what the legalization becomes, there will be people who don’t agree. However, with a topic this divided, it is important to not be 100% pro-life or pro-choice. There are different situations where both would be ethical, and situations where they would both be unethical. With the compromised belief that has been suggested, it would not only please the most amount of people, it would also not threaten any pre-existing rights. It would be a compromise of not only the people’s needs but the government’s role that has already been established.